Our product recommendations are made independently, but we may earn affiliate commissions if you use a link on this page.
The Uniform Commercial Code is a valuable set of governing regulations in the United States. Each law discusses various portions of commercial transactions, from the beginning to the end. Several laws make up each article, including Article 9. One of these sections includes UCC 9-609 - but what receives coverage in this area?
The Uniform Commercial Code 9-609 deals with the Secured Party’s Right To Take Possession After Default. It deals with the various rights of the secured party to take possession after a potential default occurs from the individual who borrowed the money.
If you’re interested in learning more about the Uniform Commercial Code 9-609, you've come to the right place. No matter who you are, it’s always valuable to learn more about the various articles and laws within the Uniform Commercial Code. Read on to learn more about the UCC 9-609, from the official definition to critical terms to understand inside the description.
What is UCC 9-609?
The Uniform Commercial Code 9-609 deals with the Secured Party’s Right To Take Possession After Default. It’s one of the final sections in the ninth article of the Uniform Commercial Code.
Here is the official definition of UCC 9-609 according to the Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute:
(a) .Possession; rendering equipment unusable; disposition on debtor's premises..
After default, a secured party:
(1) may take possession of the collateral; and
(2) without removal, may render equipment unusable and dispose of collateral on a debtor's premises under Section 9-610.
(b) .Judicial and nonjudicial process..
A secured party may proceed under subsection (a):
(1) pursuant to judicial process; or
(2) without judicial process, if it proceeds without breach of the peace.
(c) .Assembly of collateral..
If so agreed, and in any event after default, a secured party may require the debtor to assemble the collateral and make it available to the secured party at a place to be designated by the secured party which is reasonably convenient to both parties.
This law is shorter than many others in the Uniform Commercial Code. However, it’s a critical one when determining the right of the secured party to take possession after the default.
Critical Terms In UCC 9-609
As in every document, there are critical terms you should understand before dealing with any commercial transactions involving the Uniform Commercial Code. The better you know these words, the easier it will be to comprehend the document.
Let’s dive into five terms in the UCC 9-609 that appear the most often in this portion of the Uniform Commercial Code. These words also appear across the board in the Uniform Commercial Code, so understanding them will make things much easier to take in the entire document.
The term default refers to what happens to the debtor when they can’t pay off all their loans. A debtor falls into this area when they do not fulfill the obligations outlined in a security agreement defined between the parties. The default will typically result in the loss of the security interest for the individual borrowing the money.
The default includes several items. It could occur when there is bankruptcy, removal of collateral, failure to insure collateral, or the debtor’s failure to pay the debts when it’s to pay the debt. Default often shows up in the Uniform Commercial Code.
The secured party is the creditor who appears on the Uniform Commercial Code. They typically are in this area because they have a specific interest in the collateral that the lien is on, and thus they go through the process to ensure they have security in the collateral offered by the debtor.
If the lender wants to ensure they have the first dibs on the collateral if the borrower must default on the loan, they must go through the process to ensure they are first in line. Once they’re the secured party, every other lender with interest in the collateral must get in line to get a chance at it.
Judicial and Nonjudicial Process
This section of the Uniform Commercial Code discusses the judicial and nonjudicial process. Although these might sound intimidating, they are simple terms and provide context.
A judicial sale occurs with a lawsuit and a court order. On the other hand, a nonjudicial sale occurs entirely outside of a courtroom. In UCC 9-609, the judicial and nonjudicial processes are actions a lender can take depending on the circumstances.
In the Uniform Commercial Code, collateral deals with the property subject to a security interest in a deal. It can be tangible or intangible, offering many options for those participating in the transaction.
Tangible collateral includes equipment, consumer goods, inventory, farm products, and more. Intangible collateral can include items like an official deed to a piece of real estate property. The type of collateral will vary depending on the deal.
Unlike other words in the Uniform Commercial Code, there is no official definition of disposition. It does go over the term sale, which means the passing of a title. However, they leave disposition to be much more lenient in interpretation. The court typically states that disposition is a much broader format of transfer than a typical sale.
What Does UCC Article 9 Cover?
Article 9 is one of the final sections of the Uniform Commercial Code. It deals with commercial transactions or transactions that attach a debt to the creditor’s overall interest in a secured property.
This article of the Uniform Commercial Code deals in tandem with all the other articles. The information here ties together everything else.
Who Does UCC Article 9 Apply To?
Uniform Commercial Code Article 9 deals applies to debtors, lenders, and anyone involved in a commercial transaction in the United States that goes across state lines. It applies to anyone who might deal with a situation where a lender must take custody of a loan if they default.
Reference Legal Explanations
If you use any of the definitions, information, or data presented on Legal Explanations, please copy the link or reference below to properly credit us as the reference source. Thank you!
"What is UCC 9-609". Legal Explanations. Accessed on December 10, 2023. https://legal-explanations.com/blog/what-is-ucc-9-609/.
"What is UCC 9-609". Legal Explanations, https://legal-explanations.com/blog/what-is-ucc-9-609/. Accessed 10 December, 2023
What is UCC 9-609. Legal Explanations. Retrieved from https://legal-explanations.com/blog/what-is-ucc-9-609/.