Absolute Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Absolute, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Absolute?

n without any condition or encumbrance; in distinction from a conditional bond; an absolute estate is the one which has no conditions imposed and no incumbrance.

History and Meaning of Absolute

The term "absolute" comes from the Latin word "absolutus," which means "complete" or "unrestricted." In legal terms, "absolute" refers to something that is free from any conditions, qualifications or limitations. This means that it is complete and unconditional in its authority or power.

An absolute estate, for example, is a type of ownership that is unrestricted by any conditions or limitations. This means that the owner has complete control over the property, including the right to sell, lease or transfer it without any restrictions or conditions.

Examples of Absolute

  1. In contract law, an absolute obligation is an obligation that is unconditional and not subject to any conditions or qualifications.

  2. In property law, an absolute title refers to a title that is free from any liens, encumbrances, or other claims.

  3. In criminal law, an absolute discharge is a discharge that is granted without any conditions, limitations or restrictions.

  4. In family law, an absolute divorce is a divorce that dissolves the marriage and all related legal ties between the parties, without any ongoing obligations or conditions.

Legal Terms Similar to Absolute

Some legal terms that are related to "absolute" include the following:

  1. Unconditional - Something that is not subject to any conditions, qualifications or limitations.

  2. Clear title - A title that is free from any claims, encumbrances or other defects.

  3. Unrestricted - Something that is not subject to any restrictions, conditions or limitations.

  4. Total - Something that is complete, comprehensive and unconditional.

  5. Incontestable - A fact or legal status that cannot be questioned, challenged or disputed.