Bill Of Particulars Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Bill Of Particulars, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Bill Of Particulars?

(n) Bill of Particulars is the informal detailing of the claim or demand amount made by a party which assists the defendant to study and evaluate the basis of the claim. Eg. In a claim for damages details showing the principal amount as per the agreement, incidental losses, indirect losses, interest etc to sum up the total damages claimed.

History and Meaning of Bill Of Particulars

A Bill of Particulars is a document submitted by the plaintiff in a lawsuit that details the facts, charges, and/or evidence that will be presented in the case. The document serves two main purposes: to inform the defendant of the specific details of the plaintiff's claim, and to provide a framework for the defendant to prepare a defense.

The concept of a Bill of Particulars dates back to English common law, where it was used as a way to prevent surprise or uncertainty in legal proceedings. In the United States, Bills of Particulars are usually used in civil cases, although they may be requested in criminal cases as well.

Examples of Bill Of Particulars

  1. In a breach of contract lawsuit, the plaintiff submits a Bill of Particulars outlining the specific breach, the damages suffered, and any other relevant information.
  2. In a personal injury lawsuit, the plaintiff includes a Bill of Particulars detailing the injuries sustained, the medical treatment received, and the estimated cost of future medical care.
  3. In a discrimination lawsuit, the plaintiff might submit a Bill of Particulars outlining specific instances of discriminatory behavior, including dates, times, and locations.

Legal Terms Similar to Bill Of Particulars

  • Complaint: a legal document filed by a plaintiff that initiates a lawsuit by making specific allegations against the defendant.
  • Indictment: a formal accusation of a crime handed down by a grand jury after they review evidence and determine that there is enough cause to bring charges.
  • Information: a formal charging document filed by a prosecutor that accuses a defendant of a crime and outlines the evidence against them.