Capital Punishment Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Capital Punishment, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Capital Punishment?

(n) Capital punishment is the death sentence awarded for capital offences like crimes involving planned murder, multiple murders, repeated crimes, rape and murder etc where in the criminal provisions consider such persons as a gross danger to the existence of the society and provide death punishment.

History and Meaning of Capital Punishment

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, has been used by societies throughout history as a form of punishment for serious crimes. In many countries, it is still legal and utilized today. Supporters of capital punishment argue that it is a necessary deterrent to crime and serves as a form of justice for victims and their families. However, opponents argue that it is a cruel and inhumane practice that has resulted in the execution of innocent people.

Examples of Capital Punishment

  1. In the United States, some states still allow for the death penalty to be used for crimes such as murder and treason.

  2. In Saudi Arabia, capital punishment can be carried out for crimes including drug trafficking, murder, and apostasy.

  3. In Japan, capital punishment is used for serious crimes such as murder and arson resulting in death.

  4. In Iran, crimes including murder, rape, and drug trafficking may result in the death penalty.

Legal Terms Similar to Capital Punishment

  1. Life Imprisonment: A sentence that keeps a person in prison for the rest of their life.

  2. Corporal Punishment: Physical punishment, such as caning or flogging, used as a form of discipline or retribution.

  3. Extradition: The process of returning a suspected criminal to the country where they committed the crime to stand trial or serve a sentence.

  4. Parole: Early release from prison under certain conditions, such as good behavior and supervision.

  5. Reprieve: A delay or suspension of a punishment, such as the death penalty, for a certain period of time.