Case Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Case, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Case?

(n) Case is the definite issue, subject covered under a self sufficient boundary which can be dealt separately and independently for a decision, trial, opinion, handling etc. Eg. Legal case containing the dispute between two parties to be settled. Case of evidence, case for protest, brief case.

History and Meaning of Case

The term "case" has been used in legal contexts for centuries, with its roots tracing back to the Latin word "casus", meaning "fall" or "event". In its modern legal usage, a case refers to a specific legal matter or controversy that is being deliberated or decided upon in a court of law. A case can involve a variety of legal issues and can range from a small claims case between two individuals to a high-profile criminal case that receives national attention.

Examples of Case

  1. In a civil case, a plaintiff might bring a case against a defendant for breach of contract.
  2. A criminal case might involve the prosecution of an individual for a specific crime, such as murder or theft.
  3. In an immigration case, an individual might apply for asylum based on certain criteria or circumstances in their home country.
  4. A family law case might involve a dispute over child custody or support payments.
  5. In a patent case, a company might sue another company for infringing on their patented technology.

Legal Terms Similar to Case

  1. Lawsuit: A formal legal dispute between two parties that is handled in a court of law.
  2. Litigation: The act or process of engaging in a legal dispute or lawsuit.
  3. Trial: A formal, public hearing in a court of law where evidence is presented and a decision is made.