Civil Code Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Civil Code, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Civil Code?

The codes assigned to various statutes and laws so as to make it systematic and easier for the reference to any business and negligence lawsuits.

History and Meaning of Civil Code

The Civil Code is a systematic and comprehensive compilation of laws that govern civil matters. It is a set of legal principles and rules regulating relationships among individuals and legal entities, such as corporations, in a civil society. The Civil Code is a body of law that is designed to govern all aspects of civil law, including contracts, property, family, and torts.

The concept of a civil code dates back to ancient times, with the earliest known example being the Code of Hammurabi, established in Babylonia in 1754 BC. In modern times, countries throughout the world have adopted civil codes as a way to simplify their legal systems and create more uniformity and predictability in the law.

Examples of Civil Code

  1. The Civil Code of California governs all civil matters such as property, marriage, contracts, and liability.

  2. The French Civil Code, also known as the Napoleonic Code, is one of the oldest and most influential civil codes in the world, and has served as a model for civil codes in many countries, including Italy, Netherlands, and Peru.

  3. The Civil Code of Japan sets out the laws governing the relationships between individuals, including contracts, property, and family.

  4. The Swiss Civil Code was enacted in 1907 and remains in force to this day. It governs civil law matters in Switzerland, including contract law, property law, and family law.

  5. The Civil Code of the Philippines was enacted in 1950 and remains the primary legal authority governing civil matters in the country.

Legal Terms Similar to Civil Code

  1. Criminal Code - A set of laws that govern criminal matters, such as theft, assault, and murder.

  2. Common Law - A body of law that is derived from court decisions and is used to interpret statutes and regulations.

  3. Statute - A written law passed by a legislative body.

  4. Administrative Law - A body of law that governs the relationship between individuals and government agencies.

  5. Commercial Law - A body of law that governs business and commercial transactions.