Court Trial Definition and Legal Meaning
On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Court Trial, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.
What is Court Trial?
It refers to the trial held in the court in presence of the judge.
History and Meaning of Court Trial
A court trial is a legal proceeding where a dispute is resolved in a court of law. The trial is presided over by a judge and involves the presentation of evidence and arguments by opposing parties, typically a prosecution and a defense. The history of court trials can be traced back to ancient civilizations, where rulers and priests served as judges to settle disputes between individuals and groups.
In modern times, court trials play a critical role in maintaining the rule of law and enforcing justice in society. They provide a forum for parties to present their cases and for judges to determine the facts and apply the law. Court trials are governed by a set of procedural rules, which vary by jurisdiction and type of case.
Examples of Court Trial
- A criminal court trial may be held to determine whether a defendant is guilty of a crime and should be punished accordingly.
- A civil court trial may be held to determine liability and damages in a dispute between two parties, such as a breach of contract or personal injury claim.
- In a family court trial, a judge may make decisions regarding child custody, support, and visitation rights.
Legal Terms Similar to Court Trial
- Bench Trial - A bench trial is a trial in which the judge hears and decides the case, without a jury present.
- Jury Trial - A jury trial is a trial in which a jury of one's peers hears the case and renders a verdict.
- Trial by Combat - An ancient legal practice in which disputing parties would fight to settle their differences. This practice has been abolished in modern times.