Environmental Impact Report Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Environmental Impact Report, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Environmental Impact Report?

n. a study of all the factors which a land development or construction project would have on the environment in the area, including population, traffic, schools, fire protection, endangered species, archeological artifacts and community beauty. Many states require such reports be submitted to local governments before the development or project can be approved, unless the governmental body finds there is no possible impact, which finding is called a “negative declaration.”