Forensic Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Forensic, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Forensic?

(adj) Forensic is the section, department or function which assists or otherwise support the legal proceeding in a court of trial. Example, forensic medicine. The Latin word means ‘belonging to the forum’

History and Meaning of Forensic

The term forensic is derived from the Latin word "forensis" which means "belonging to the forum." In ancient Rome, the forum was a public place where debates and legal proceedings took place. Therefore, forensics refers to the application of scientific, medical and investigative techniques to the legal process. It is used to gather evidence and provide expert analysis that can assist in the resolution of disputes in the court of law.

Examples of Forensic

  1. Forensic Accounting: This is the use of accounting and auditing techniques to investigate financial crimes such as embezzlement, money laundering, and other financial irregularities.

  2. Forensic Science: This involves the application of scientific techniques, such as DNA analysis and ballistics, to the investigation and resolution of crimes.

  3. Forensic Pathology: This is the examination of a body to determine the cause of death in cases where the cause is not immediately clear.

Legal Terms Similar to Forensic

  1. Legal Medicine: This is another term for forensic medicine and involves the application of medical knowledge to legal matters.

  2. Criminalistics: This refers to the techniques and methods used to investigate crimes.

  3. Digital Forensics: This is the investigation and analysis of digital devices such as computers, smartphones, and tablets to recover evidence of criminal activity.