Motion In Limine Definition and Legal Meaning
On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Motion In Limine, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.
What is Motion In Limine?
(n) Motion In Limine is the representation made by the opposite party requesting the judge to disregard a particular evidence introduced by the other party on the ground of constitutional limitations there by retaining the position as if such evidences are not introduced.
History and Meaning of Motion In Limine
Motion In Limine is a legal term that originated from the Latin phrase "in limine," which means "at the threshold." In essence, a Motion In Limine is a request made by one party to exclude certain evidence from the trial, either in advance or during the trial, on the basis that it violates the constitutional limitations or it is irrelevant to the case. This type of motion is used to prevent the opposing party from introducing evidence that may be prejudicial and irrelevant, which in turn could influence the judge or jury inappropriately.
Examples of Motion In Limine
- In a case of drug abuse, the defendant requests a Motion In Limine to exclude any information or evidence regarding their past drug use, which might affect the jury's perception of them.
- Prior to trial in a case involving a car accident, the defendant may use a Motion In Limine to exclude the testimony of the prosecution's expert witness.
- In a case of assault, the defendant requests a Motion In Limine to exclude any evidence regarding their past criminal history because it is not relevant to the current case.
Legal Terms Similar to Motion In Limine
- Hearsay: a statement or evidence that is derived from someone else's out-of-court testimony and is not based on the speaker's personal knowledge.
- Preponderance of Evidence: the idea that a fact or statement is more likely true than not, usually in the burden of proof in civil cases.
- Objection: a formal statement of disagreement made during a trial or hearing, typically in regard to the admissibility of evidence or the competence of a witness.