Movant Definition and Legal Meaning
On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Movant, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.
What is Movant?
It refers to a party to the lawsuit, requesting the judge for an order or judgement in form of formal and written request. It is upon the movant to prove, for the order or judgement to be in his/her favour.
History and Meaning of Movant
In legal terms, a movant refers to a party in a lawsuit who brings a motion before the court asking for a ruling or order. The movant makes a formal and written request to the judge for a decision, and the burden of proof typically lies with them to convince the judge to rule in their favor.
In simple terms, a movant is someone who is taking a legal action or making a request to the court. This action could be as simple as requesting additional time to respond to a complaint, or as complex as asking for a summary judgement in their favor.
Examples of Movant
- In a divorce case, a movant may file a motion asking for temporary custody of their children until the case is settled.
- A defendant in a criminal case can request a motion to suppress evidence obtained illegally by the police.
- A movant may file a motion for summary judgement, which asks the court to rule in their favor without the need for a trial.
- In a personal injury case, a movant may file a motion for discovery, requesting access to certain documents and evidence held by the other party.
- In a contract dispute, a party may file a motion for specific performance, asking the court to order the other party to fulfill their obligations under the contract.
Legal Terms Similar to Movant
- Plaintiff: the party that initiates the lawsuit by filing a complaint with the court.
- Defendant: the party against whom the lawsuit is brought and who must respond to the plaintiff's allegations.
- Respondent: the party who responds to a motion, often used in appellate or administrative law settings.