Occupational Disease Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Occupational Disease, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Occupational Disease?

A disease or an ailment caused due to excessive exposure of noxious fumes or substances in a working environment that are injurious to health.It includes asthma,poisoning due to use of pesticides,black lung disease among miners, lung cancer due to use of asbestos and other respiratory problems.Any employee who gets affected by disease or a disability under such condition is liable to receive compensation under the laws of workmen’s compensation or any other related provision.

History and Definition of Occupational Disease

The term "occupational disease" refers to a medical condition that is caused by exposure to harmful substances or conditions in the workplace. The concept of occupational disease dates back to the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, when many workers were exposed to dangerous working conditions and substances on a daily basis. As more workers became sick or died from their work, governments around the world began to regulate workplace conditions and provide compensation for workers who became ill or injured on the job.

Today, occupational disease is recognized as an important area of occupational health and safety, with regulations and compensation schemes designed to protect workers and their families.

Examples of Occupational Disease

Examples of occupational disease include:

  • Mesothelioma: A type of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos fibers, often found in older buildings or industrial settings.
  • Black lung disease: A lung condition caused by inhaling coal dust, commonly found in coal miners and other workers in the mining industry.
  • Occupational asthma: A chronic respiratory condition caused by exposure to dusts, gases, or other irritants in the workplace.

Legal Terms Similar to Occupational Disease

Related legal terms include:

  • Work-related injury: An injury that occurs while at work or while performing work-related duties.
  • Workers' compensation: A scheme designed to provide compensation to workers who are injured or become ill due to their work.
  • Toxic tort: A legal claim for harm caused by exposure to toxic substances.