Prove Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Prove, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Prove?

To present the evidence or argument which makes the judicial officer be confirmed and certain about the validity and authenticity of the fact.

History and Meaning of Prove

The term "prove" has its roots in the Latin word "probare", meaning "to test or demonstrate". In legal terms, to prove something means to provide or present evidence that confirms the truth or validity of a claim, fact, or proposition. This process is essential in legal matters, as it helps to establish the guilt or innocence of a defendant or the validity of a claim before a judge or jury.

Examples of Prove

  1. In a criminal case, the prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the crime with which they are charged.
  2. In a civil lawsuit, the plaintiff must prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant is liable for the damages suffered by the plaintiff.
  3. In a contract dispute, one party may need to prove that the other party breached the terms of the agreement.

Legal Terms Similar to Prove

  1. Burden of proof: The obligation of a party to prove their claim or defense in a legal proceeding.
  2. Proof beyond a reasonable doubt: The high standard of proof required in criminal cases, which means that the evidence must be so strong that there is no other logical explanation other than the defendant's guilt.
  3. Preponderance of the evidence: The standard of proof required in civil cases, which means that the evidence supports the plaintiff's claim more than it does the defendant's.