Seizure Definition and Legal Meaning
On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Seizure, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.
What is Seizure?
(n) Seizer is the taking in to custody of any document, property, articles etc., which was connected in any criminal activity, after following the legal formalities required for seizer of any item. Special sanction is required for search and seizer. So seizer without a warrant or order loose its worthiness as evidence
History and Meaning of Seizure
Seizure is a legal term that refers to the taking of property by law enforcement officers. This can include seizing illegal items such as drugs, weapons, or counterfeit money, as well as seizing property used in the commission of a crime, such as a vehicle used in a getaway. Seizures can occur with or without a warrant depending on the circumstances.
The concept of seizure dates back to ancient times, where it was a common practice among rulers and governments to seize property from those deemed to be their enemies. In the United States, the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures, and law enforcement officers are required to follow certain legal procedures when conducting a seizure.
Examples of Seizure
- During a drug raid, law enforcement officers seized several bags of cocaine and arrested several individuals on drug charges.
- A counterfeit money operation was shut down by police who seized all of the printing equipment and fake bills.
- As part of a white-collar crime investigation, the office of a company executive was searched and several documents were seized as evidence.
- A car used in a high-speed chase was seized by police and impounded.
- Customs officials seized several shipments of imported goods that were suspected to be counterfeit.
Legal Terms Similar to Seizure
- Forfeiture - forfeiture occurs when property is permanently seized by the government after being used in the commission of a crime.
- Confiscation - confiscation is similar to seizure but may involve the transfer of property to the government without compensation to the owner.
- Attachment - attachment is a court-ordered seizure of assets to secure a debt or judgment.