Star Chamber Proceedings Definition and Legal Meaning
On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Star Chamber Proceedings, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.
What is Star Chamber Proceedings?
(n) Star chamber proceedings is used to represent proceedings in a court which violates the standards expected of such authorities and when a person appearing for a proceeding cannot expect a fair hearing and justice. the phrase was originated from the courts of King Henry VIII of great Britain, which stood decorated by stars, where the proceedings are highly unfair and pre determined punishments are given to those disobeying the king.
History and Meaning of Star Chamber Proceedings
Star Chamber Proceedings refer to the extra-legal court proceedings where the defendant is denied the right to a fair trial. Originating in 15th century England, the court was composed of judges and privy councilors who operated in secrecy and without accountability. These courts were used mostly for political trials, and the punishments were often harsh and arbitrary.
The name "star chamber" was derived from the stars that adorned the ceiling of the room where the court met. The court was abolished in 1641 during the English Civil War, and its procedures were later incorporated into the common law.
Examples of Star Chamber Proceedings
- In the 17th century, the Star Chamber was used to prosecute individuals for their religious beliefs. Catholics were a particular target.
- The Star Chamber was used to prosecute individuals for seditious libel, which included any criticism of the government or monarchy.
- During the reign of King Charles I, the Star Chamber was used to suppress political opposition, including the prosecution of members of Parliament for opposing the king's policies.
- The use of secret evidence and closed-door proceedings in modern courtrooms has been compared to the Star Chamber.
Legal Terms Similar to Star Chamber Proceedings
- Extra-legal proceedings: Any legal process that is outside the normal bounds of the legal system, such as the Star Chamber.
- Kangaroo court: A mock court, where the outcome is predetermined and the defendant is denied a fair trial.
- Court of High Commission: An ecclesiastical court in England that had similar powers to the Star Chamber, and was used to suppress dissenting views during the 16th and 17th centuries.