Declarant Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Declarant, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Declarant?

a person who signs a written statement of facts true to his knowledge. Lying intentionally amounts to offence of making false statements under oath.

History and Meaning of Declarant

A declarant is a person who makes a statement or declaration, usually in writing, which affirms the truth of certain facts within the declarant's knowledge. The purpose of this is to establish the truth of certain facts for legal or other purposes. The term "declarant" is often used in the context of hearsay rules, which govern the admissibility of out-of-court statements.

In the United States, the use of declarants in legal proceedings is governed by the Federal Rules of Evidence, as well as individual state rules. Declarants may make statements in a variety of contexts, including affidavits, declarations, and personal knowledge statements. Such statements are often used in litigation, particularly in civil cases, to establish the facts of the case.

Examples of Declarant

  1. In a divorce case, one party may submit a personal knowledge statement that details certain facts about the marriage, such as the date and place of the wedding and the length of the marriage.

  2. In a criminal trial, a witness may submit an affidavit or declaration which attests to certain facts about the case, such as details about the scene of the crime or the identity of the perpetrator.

  3. In a civil case, a plaintiff may submit a declaration that details the cause of action, including the injuries they sustained and the damages they are seeking.

Legal Terms Similar to Declarant

  1. Affiant: A person who has made a sworn statement or affidavit.

  2. Witness: A person who provides evidence in legal proceedings, usually by giving testimony in court.

  3. Affidavit: A written statement made under oath, usually used as evidence in legal proceedings.