Declaration Definition and Legal Meaning

On this page, you'll find the legal definition and meaning of Declaration, written in plain English, along with examples of how it is used.

What is Declaration?

a signed annoucement made in writing, under oath and under penalty of perjury (used in place of affidavits).

History and Meaning of Declaration

A declaration is a written statement that is sworn or affirmed under penalty of perjury. This means that the person making the declaration is providing information that is truthful to the best of their knowledge, and they understand that they may face consequences for lying. Declarations are often used in legal proceedings as an alternative to affidavits.

The use of declarations dates back to common law practices in England, where they were used as a means of testifying without having to appear in court. In the United States, declarations are governed by federal and state law and are often used in civil cases.

Examples of Declaration

  1. In a child custody case, a parent may file a declaration stating their history with the child and their ability to provide a stable home environment.
  2. A business owner may file a declaration outlining the details of a contract dispute with a vendor.
  3. In an immigration case, an applicant may submit a declaration detailing their reasons for seeking asylum.

Legal Terms Similar to Declaration

  1. Affidavit: A written statement made under oath and signed before a notary or other officer authorized to administer oaths.
  2. Testimony: Oral or written statements made by a witness under oath during a legal proceeding.
  3. Deposition: A pretrial statement made under oath by a witness or party to a case, usually taken outside of the courtroom.